ISO 9001:2008 – Clause 7

This article looks at the suggested ISO 9001:2008 changes for clause 7, Product Realization.

7.1 Planning of Product Realization

The only change to the text of clause 7.1 is the addition of “measurement” as one of the required activities to be determined during the planning of product realization.

In planning product realization, the organization shall determine the following, as appropriate:

c) required verification, validation, monitoring, measurement, inspection and test activities specific to the product and the criteria for product acceptance; 

7.2 Customer-Related Processes
7.2.1 Determination of Requirements Related to the Product

The slight change below from “for delivery and post-delivery activities” to “for delivery, and for post-delivery activities” adds emphasis to post-delivery activities. In addition, a Note has been added with examples of post-delivery activities.

The organization shall determine:

a) requirements specified by the customer, including the requirements for delivery,and for post-delivery activities, 

The change below from “related” to “applicable” shifts the meaning from determining legal requirements that are merely associated with the product to those that are relevant and can be applied to the product.

c) statutory and regulatory requirements related applicable to the product, and 

The revision below clarifies that the additional requirements aren’t just determined, they are determined to be needed by the organization. Since the bulleted list begins with “The organization shall determine”, the use of the word “determined” again in this entry was not appropriate.

d) any additional requirements considered necessary determined by the organization. 

Readers of the current standard may not have considered the breadth of post-delivery activities as described by the new Note below.

NOTE: Post delivery activities include, for example, actions under warranty provisions, contractual obligations such as maintenance services, and supplementary services such as recycling or final disposal. 

7.3 Design and Development
7.3.1 Design and Development Planning

Clause 7.3.1.b states the organization must determine the review, verification, and validation appropriate for each design and development stage. The new Note below explains that although review, verification, and validation have distinct goals, they can be carried out separately or in any combination.

NOTE: Design and development review, verification and validation have distinct purposes. They may be conducted and recorded separately or in any combination as suitable for the product and the organization. 

7.3.2 Design and Development Inputs

This clause requires the design and development inputs to be determined and records to be maintained. It lists several types of requirements to be included. The revision below simply changes from “These inputs” to “The inputs”.

These inputs shall be reviewed for adequacy. Requirements shall be complete, unambiguous and not in conflict with each other. 

7.3.3 Design and Development Outputs

The change below removes the unnecessary word, “provided”. It also switches from “a form that enables verification” to “a form suitable for verification”. To enable something is to make it possible. However, to be suitable means it is meant for use, or in this case, for verification.

The outputs of design and development shall be provided in a form that enables suitable for verification against the design and development input and shall be approved prior to release. 

The new Note below reminds the reader that clause 7, Production and Service Provision, includes sub-clause 7.5.5, Preservation of product. Why do that? Probably to indicate that the design output should consider product preservation, e.g., product packaging.

NOTE: Information for production and service provision may include details for the preservation of product. 

7.5 Production and Service Provision
7.5.2 Validation of Processes for Production and Service Provision

The organization shall validate any processes for production and service provision where the resulting output cannot be verified by subsequent monitoring or measurement and as a consequence, This includes any processes where deficiencies become apparent only after the product is in use or the service has been delivered.

The revised text makes clear that any process output that can’t be verified may result in deficiencies becoming known only after the product is in use or the service has been delivered.

7.5.3 Identification and Traceability

This clause states that, where appropriate, the organization must identify the product by suitable means “throughout product realization”. The text below refers to inspection and test status of the product, and some readers may have thought it only applied to final product. The planned revision below clarifies that identifying the product status applies throughout product realization, from received product, through in-process product, to final product.

The organization shall identify the product status with respect to monitoring and measurement requirements throughout product realization.

By moving the “records” reference to the end of the sentence below, the meaning has changed from recording the product identification, to keeping any type of record associated with product traceability.

Where traceability is a requirement, the organization shall control and record the unique identification of the product and maintain records (see 4.2.4). 

7.5.4 Customer Property

The change below reads better, but hasn’t changed the requirement to report customer property issues to the customer and keep records.

If any customer property is lost, damaged or otherwise found to be unsuitable for use,this shall be reported the organization shall report this to the customer and records maintained maintain records (see 4.2.4). 

The existing Note has been modified to include “personal data” as an example of customer property, broadening the applicability of clause 7.5.4 to more organizations, especially service organizations.

NOTE: Customer property can include intellectual property and personal data. 

7.5.5 Preservation of product

If anyone was confused over the meaning of “conformity of product” in the current text, using “conformity to requirements” should be easier to understand in the new text.

The organization shall preserve the conformity of product during internal processing and delivery to the intended destination in order to maintain conformity to requirements. 

The current requirement that begins with, “This preservation shall include”, doesn’t give the flexibility to include, or not include, the identification, handling, packaging, storage, and protection of the product. The change below allows product preservation to be applied as appropriate.

This As applicable, preservation shall include identification, handling, packaging, storage and protection. Preservation shall also apply to the constituent parts of a product. 

7.6 Control of monitoring and measuring devices equipment

The second clause title to change in ISO 9001:2008 is clause 7.6 where “devices” has been changed to “equipment”. The term equipment was already used in several places in clause 7.6. The term devices has a broader scope and could include non-equipment types of tools. Equipment is the better choice for this calibration clause.

The planned changes to the clause below are to replace “devices” with “equipment” and to remove the reference to clause 7.2.1, Determination of Requirements Related to the Product.

The organization shall determine the monitoring and measurement to be undertaken and the monitoring and measuring devices equipment needed to provide evidence of conformity of product to determined requirements, (see 7.2.1) 

A minor change to 7.6.a is shown below.

Where necessary to ensure valid results, measuring equipment shall:

a) be calibrated and/or verified, or both, at specified intervals, or prior to use, 

This requirement went from “calibrated or verified” to “calibrated and/or verified”, meaning a device might be calibrated and verified. Adding the “or both” is unnecessary since “and/or” covers that case.

Stating below that measuring equipment must “be identified” sounds like the organization is to add identification. However, the measuring equipment may come with the identification already in place, thus the wording change. In addition, measuring equipment is a term that typical covers multiple devices, so the text has been changed from “the” to “their” calibration status.

c) be identified have identification to enable the their calibration status to be determined; 

The current Note for clause 7.6 has been dropped. It referred the reader to the ISO 10012-1 and ISO 10012-2 standards for guidance. Although these standards have been replaced with ISO 10012:2003, the reference was not retained.

NOTE: See ISO 10012-1 and ISO 10012-2 for guidance.

Software development organizations may have been unsure how to confirm, per clause 7.6, that software used for monitoring and measurement has the ability to satisfy the intended application. This new Note explains that it should include verification and configuration management for the software.

NOTE: Confirmation of the ability of computer software to satisfy the intended application would typically include its verification and configuration management to maintain its suitability for use.