October, 2014 Newsletter Articles

ISO/DIS 14001:2015

Oct 7, 2014 in Newsletter | Comments Off on ISO/DIS 14001:2015

The current ISO 14001:2004 environmental management standard is being revised after more than a decade of use. The draft ISO 14001:2015 standard has adopted Annex SL of the ISO Directives and will have the same clause structure as the draft ISO 9001:2015 standard. In addition to providing the clause framework for all management system standards, Annex SL also provides common definitions and, where applicable, common text for the requirements. The ISO/DIS 14001:2015 additions to the common Annex SL text are described in the following articles...

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ISO/DIS 14001:2015, Clause 4

Oct 7, 2014 in Newsletter | Comments Off on ISO/DIS 14001:2015, Clause 4

4. Context of the Organization 4.1 Understanding the Organization and its Context ISO/DIS 14001:2015 adds to the common Annex SL text that the issues to be determined include environmental conditions that are capable of affecting or being affected by the organization. According to Annex A of ISO/DIS 14001:2015, these conditions may include climate, air quality, water quality, land use, existing contamination, natural resource availability, and biodiversity. 4.2 Understanding the Needs and Expectations of Interested Parties The draft 14001:2015...

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ISO/DIS 14001:2015, Clause 5

Oct 7, 2014 in Newsletter | Comments Off on ISO/DIS 14001:2015, Clause 5

5. Leadership 5.1 Leadership and Commitment The draft ISO 14001:2015 standard adds another way that top management must demonstrate its leadership and commitment – by taking accountability for the effectiveness of the environmental management system. 5.2 Environmental Policy The policy commitment to meet requirements has been clarified as conforming to compliance obligations. The commitment for continual improvement has been clarified as improving the environmental management system to enhance environmental performance. A third policy...

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ISO/DIS 14001:2015, Clause 6

Oct 7, 2014 in Newsletter | Comments Off on ISO/DIS 14001:2015, Clause 6

6 Planning 6.1 Actions to Address Risk Associated with Threats and Opportunities ISO/DIS 14001:2015 split this clause into five sub-clauses: 6.1.1 General The draft ISO 14001:2015 standard adds that the organization is to plan and implement a process to meet the requirements in clause 6.1. Documented information is to be maintained to the extent necessary to have confidence that the process has been carried out as planned. 6.1.2 Significant Environmental Aspects The draft standard adds that the organization must identify the environmental...

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ISO/DIS 14001:2015, Clause 7

Oct 7, 2014 in Newsletter | Comments Off on ISO/DIS 14001:2015, Clause 7

7 Support 7.1 Resources No additions to the Annex SL text for resources. 7.2 Competence No additions to the Annex SL text for competence. 7.3 Awareness The only ISO/DIS 14001:2015 addition to this clause is that persons doing work under the organization’s control must be aware of the significant environmental aspects and related actual or potential impacts associated with their work. These persons must also be aware of the implications of not conforming with the environmental management system requirements, including compliance...

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ISO/DIS 14001:2015, Clause 8

Oct 7, 2014 in Newsletter | Comments Off on ISO/DIS 14001:2015, Clause 8

8 Operation 8.1 Operational Planning and Control The draft ISO 14001:2015 standard clarifies that operational controls are implemented to prevent deviation from the environmental policy and objectives, as well as, compliance obligations. It also states that the type and degree of control or influence of any outsourced processes must be defined within the environmental management system. The concept of “life cycle perspective” is added that requires the organization to: a) determine environmental requirements for the procurement of...

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ISO/DIS 14001:2015, Clause 9

Oct 7, 2014 in Newsletter | Comments Off on ISO/DIS 14001:2015, Clause 9

9 Performance Evaluation 9.1 Monitoring, Measurement, Analysis, and Evaluation 9.1.1 General The draft ISO 14001:2015 standard adds to the Annex SL text that what needs to be monitored and measured must be related to operations (that can have a significant environmental impact), compliance obligations, operational controls, and progress towards meeting environmental objectives (using indicators). The current ISO 14001:2004 standard does not explicitly require the use of indicators, although their use is widespread. Now it is a clear...

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ISO/DIS 14001:2015, Clause 10

Oct 7, 2014 in Newsletter | Comments Off on ISO/DIS 14001:2015, Clause 10

10. Improvement 10.1 Nonconformity and Corrective Action The common Annex SL text for this clause has been expanded by ISO/DIS 14001:2015 to react to a nonconformity with “immediate” action to control and correct it, as well as, to mitigate adverse environmental impacts. It also adds that corrective actions must be appropriate to the “significance” of the effects of the nonconformity, including the environmental impact. 10.2 Continual Improvement ISO/DIS 14001:2015 clarifies that the reason for continually improving...

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Internet Vulnerability

Oct 1, 2014 in Newsletter | Comments Off on Internet Vulnerability

What is Heartbleed? The Heartbleed vulnerability is a bug in OpenSSL, a popular open-source protocol used extensively on the Internet, which allows anyone who knows how to exploit the vulnerability to access and read the memory of systems thought to be protected. Vulnerable versions of OpenSSL allow compromise of secret keys, user names, passwords, and even actual content. Many security experts believe that this vulnerability has actually existed for at least two years and might have been exploited for just as long. Although many companies...

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ISO/DIS 9001:2015, Clause 0.1

Oct 1, 2014 in Newsletter | Comments Off on ISO/DIS 9001:2015, Clause 0.1

The General section (clause 0.1) of the Introduction to the ISO 9001:2015 draft standard can be summarized as: Adoption of a quality management system is a strategic decision A robust quality management system can improve performance Its design and implementation is influenced by the context of the organization Specific objectives and associated risks Needs and expectations of customers Products and services Process complexity and interactions Competence of employees Size and organizational structure Culture and socio-economic...

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ISO/DIS 9001:2015, Clause 0.2

Oct 1, 2014 in Newsletter | Comments Off on ISO/DIS 9001:2015, Clause 0.2

A new sub-clause, “The ISO Standards for Quality Management” has been added to the Introduction to the ISO 9001:2015 draft standard. It provides an overview of the three core quality management system standards: ISO 9000 – Fundamentals and Vocabulary Essential background for understanding ISO 9001 Key terms and their definitions Quality Management Principles (QMPs) The quality management principles form the foundation of ISO 9001. An outline of the QMPs is provided in ISO 9001 Annex B. ISO 9001 –...

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ISO/DIS 9001:2015, Clause 0.3

Oct 1, 2014 in Newsletter | Comments Off on ISO/DIS 9001:2015, Clause 0.3

ISO 9001:2008 states that it promotes the adoption of a process approach, but it seems to be more an encouragement than a requirement. Clause 0.3 of the draft ISO 9001:2015 standard now refers to specific requirements that are essential for a process approach. Process Approach Consistent and predictable results are achieved more effectively and efficiently when: Activities are understood Managed as interrelated processes Function as a coherent system ISO 9001 promotes use of the process approach to develop, implement, and improve the...

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ISO/DIS 9001:2015, Clause 0.4

Oct 1, 2014 in Newsletter | Comments Off on ISO/DIS 9001:2015, Clause 0.4

ISO 9001:2008 only mentions the PDCA cycle in a Note within clause 0.2 on the Process Approach.  The draft ISO 9001:2015 standard gives PDCA its very own section. Clause 0.4 states that the PDCA methodology can be applied to all processes and to the quality management system as a whole. It also states that the ISO 9001 clauses broadly follow the PDCA cycle as summarized below: Plan: establish objectives and resources Do: implement what was planned Check: monitor, measure, and report results Act: take actions to improve process performance A...

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ISO/DIS 9001:2015, Clause 0.5

Oct 1, 2014 in Newsletter | Comments Off on ISO/DIS 9001:2015, Clause 0.5

Clause 0.5 of the Introduction section of the draft ISO 9001:2015 standard states that risk is the “effect of uncertainty on an expected result”, and that the concept of risk-based thinking has always been implicit in ISO 9001. As background information, an “effect” is a deviation from the expected, and can be positive or negative. The term “uncertainty” is the state, even partial, of a deficiency of information related to the understanding or knowledge of an event, its consequence, or likelihood. Risk is...

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