ISO/DIS 14001:2015, Clause 6

6 Planning
6.1 Actions to Address Risk Associated with Threats and Opportunities

ISO/DIS 14001:2015 split this clause into five sub-clauses:

6.1.1 General
The draft ISO 14001:2015 standard adds that the organization is to plan and implement a process to meet the requirements in clause 6.1. Documented information is to be maintained to the extent necessary to have confidence that the process has been carried out as planned.

6.1.2 Significant Environmental Aspects
The draft standard adds that the organization must identify the environmental aspects and impacts of the activities, products, and services that it can control and those it can influence, considering a life-cycle perspective. Changes and identified abnormal and potential emergency situations are to be taken into account.

Those aspects that have or can have a significant impact on the environment must be determined. These significant environmental aspects must be communicated throughout the organization.

Documented information must be kept on environmental aspects and associated environmental impacts, the significant environmental aspects, and the criteria used to determine the significant environmental aspects.

6.1.3 Compliance Obligations
ISO/DIS 14001:2015 adds that the organization must identify and have access to the compliance obligations related to its environmental aspects, and determine how these compliance obligations apply to the organization.

Note: The wording in sub-clauses 6.1.1, 6.1.2, and 6.1.3 is very similar to the wording in ISO 14001:2004, with almost no Annex SL text, except for some general references in 6.1.1.

6.1.4 Risk Associated with Threats and Opportunities
This section expands “risk and opportunities” for an environmental management system to be “risk associated with threats and opportunities.” It adds that preventing or reducing undesirable effects includes the potential for external environmental conditions that affect the organization.

This section also states that documented information must be maintained on the risk associated with threats and opportunities that needs to be addressed.

6.1.5 Planning to Take Action
The draft ISO 14001:2015 standard adds that the organization must plan for actions to address risk associated with threats and opportunities (6.1.4), significant environmental aspects (6.1.2), and compliance obligations (6.1.3).

The interpretive guidance in the draft Annex A states it is up to the organization to decide if it wishes to implement different risk evaluation processes at different organizational levels, or to combine all the risk evaluation requirements into a single process.

6.2 Environmental Objectives and Planning to Achieve Them
6.2.1 Environmental Objectives

The additions to the core Annex SL text for this sub-clause are to take into account the organization’s significant environmental aspects and its compliance obligations when establishing the environmental objectives. The organization is also to consider the risk associated with threats and opportunities when setting its environmental objectives.

When developing these objectives, the organization must consider its technological options and financial, operational, and business requirements.

6.2.2 Planning Actions to Achieve Environmental Objectives
The draft ISO 14001:2015 standard adds that when deciding how results will be evaluated, the organization must include indicators for monitoring progress toward achievement of measurable environmental objectives.  The standard also states that the organization is to consider how the action to achieve environmental objectives can be integrated its business processes.